National ICT Infrastructure Audit

Develop a digital inventory and GIS map of ICT infrastructure in operation, under implementation or planned as well as communication services available across the country.


Over the years, public and private sector investment has led to the deployment across the country of multiple fixed and mobile networks and provision of communication services. The Ugandan Government in recognition of convergence also expanded the context of communication to include broadcasting. This notwithstanding, there is need for improvement in policy and regulation to facilitate the efficient use of existing infrastructure, minimise its costs of use, as well as encourage investment in new infrastructure and further proliferation of innovative communication services in order to bridge the digital divide, improve coverage of advanced ICT services as well as ensure reliability and security of ICT infrastructure. To this end, Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) contracted KCL & RIS to conduct an in-depth analysis of infrastructure deployment as well as diffusion of the various communication services across the country.


Our goal was to create an electronic inventory of communication services available, with a digital map of ICT infrastructure in operation, under implementation or planned including geographical location, ownership, capacity, technology and coverage across the country. This team also conducted a detailed quantitative and qualitative assessment of the current ICT infrastructure to identify gaps and determine infrastructure adequacy and any improvements that could be leveraged to meet the future ICT needs of the country.


The team began with meeting UCC to clarify expectations and targets. This was followed by meetings conducting secondary research as well as in-depth interviews with key stakeholders and industry figures to identify barriers to infrastructure implementation and challenges in using deployed infrastructure to deliver services. We used this portion of the study to identify key providers from whom to seek GIS-based data and to design detailed Request for Information and sample specifications to clearly identify the kind of data that UCC was interested in. We then undertook extensive GIS-based data collection on different ICT infrastructure from all licensed operators as well as GIS-based data on administrative divisions, roads, rivers and other water bodies, forests, wetlands, etc. from different government agencies and ministries with strong backing from the regulator.

In the second phase of the work, we designed an electronic inventory system and entered all of the data that we have collected during the first phase. The team then conducted an assessment and gap analysis to establish the amount of various ICT infrastructure available and kind of services that this afforded. The gap analysis was helped to identify coverage gaps in terms of both population and area as well as the total capacity of various technologies and current usage levels as well.


The team synthesized all of the data collected and analysis undertaken to assess the legal, policy and regulatory environment, with a view to identifying drivers that can be used to attract investment into the sector by providing an enabling environment for radical innovation and reducing the cost of usage, particularly at a wholesale level. We recommended a number of reforms and actions necessary to create an enabling environment that could help foster the sustainable development of infrastructure in the country whilst minimising environmental impacts.

For more information about UCC, visit the UCC website.