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This paper highlights the critical need for high-quality broadband connectivity to higher education institutions (HEIs) in Africa, along with inclusion of the lower levels of education, and the central role that National Research and Education Networks (NRENs) and Regional Research and Education Networks (RRENs) have to play as enabling vehicles for this to be achieved. The objective of the paper is to deepen awareness and to mobilise a coordinated effort among African governments and development partners to address the remaining barriers.

The paper draws on data and analysis from a 2020 Feasibility Study for connecting all African universities to high-speed Internet ( with permission from the World Bank Group (WBG). It also draws extensively on earlier publications and data from the UbuntuNet Alliance, GÉANT Association, and the WBG.

It is published under Creative Commons, please download your copy here.